“About.” COPLACDigital: Digital Liberal Arts at a Distance. Accessed March 27, 2017. http://coplacdigital.org/about/.
African American Registry. “West Virginia Created by Secession from Southern Confederate State.” African American Registry. Accessed February 24, 2017. http://www.aaregistry.org/historic_events/view/west-virginia-created-secession-southern-confederate-state.
“A State of Convenience: The Creation of West Virginia.” West Virginia Archives and History. Accessed February 26, 2017. http://www.wvculture.org/history/statehood/statehoodtoc.html.
Education @ Library of Virginia. “Virginia Convention Votes for Secession on April 17, 1861.” Library of Virginia. Accessed February 24, 2017. http://edu.lva.virginia.gov/online_classroom/union_or_secession/unit/9.
Georgia’s Historic High Country Travel Association. “Second Wheeling Convention.” Georgia’s Blue and Gray Trail Presents America’s Civil War. Last Modified May 15, 2011. Accessed February 24, 2017. http://blueandgraytrail.com/event/Second_Wheeling_Convention
Kesavan, Vasan and Michael Stokes Paulsen. “Is West Virginia Unconstitutional?” California Law Review, Vol. 90, No. 2 (2002): 291-400. Accessed April 9, 2017. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3481282.
Riccards, Michael P. “Lincoln and the Political Question: The Creation of the State of West Virginia.” Presidential Studies Quarterly, 27, no. 3 (1997): 549-564. Accessed February 26, 2017. http://www.jstor.org/stable/27551768.
Manarin, Louis H. “Constitution of 1830.” e-WV: The West Virginia Encyclopedia. Last modified December 8, 2011. Accessed March 26, 2017. https://www.wvencyclopedia.org/articles/1546.
Manarin, Louis H. “Constitution of 1851.” e-WV: The West Virginia Encyclopedia. Last modified February 7, 2011. Accessed February 26, 2017. https://www.wvencyclopedia.org/articles/1550.
Virginia Military Institute. “Hunter’s Raid: General David Hunter and the Burning of VMI, June 1864.” Virginia Military Institute Archives. Accessed February 24, 2017. http://www.vmi.edu/archives/civil-war-and-new-market/hunters-raid/.
“West Virginia Statehood.” West Virginia Archives and History. Accessed March 24, 2017. http://www.wvculture.org/history/archives/statehoo.html.
Zimring, David. R. ““Secession in Favor of the Constitution”: How West Virginia Justified Separate Statehood during the Civil War.” West Virginia History, New Series, Vol. 3, No. 2. (2009): 23-51. Accessed February 25, 2017. http://www.jstor.org/stable/43265121.
Constitutional Convention. “The Constitution of the United States.” August 17, 1787. National Archives and Records Administration. Accessed April 11, 2017. https://catalog.archives.gov/id/1667751.
Constitutional Convention. “Journal of the Proceedings of a Convention, begun and held at Staunton, the 19th day of August, in the year 1816.” September 11, 1816. Farmer’s Repository. West Virginia Archives and History. Accessed March 23, 2017. http://www.wvculture.org/history/statehood/stauntonconvention1816.html.
Constitutional Convention. “New Constitution of the Commonwealth of Virginia.” 1851. West Virginia Archives and History. Accessed March 23, 2017. http://www.wvculture.org/history/government/1851constitution01.html.
Constitutional Convention. “Proceedings of the Second Session of the Second Wheeling Convention: Senator Carlile’s Speech.” August 8, 1861. West Virginia Archives and History. Accessed April 18, 2017. http://www.wvculture.org/history/statehood/wheelingconvention20808a.html.
Cornell University. “Making of America” 2016. Accessed February 16, 2017. http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/m/moawar/waro.html
The Daily Dispatch: November 3, 1860. Richmond Daily Dispatch. November 3, 1860. Accessed February 16, 2017. http://dlxs.richmond.edu/d/ddr/
Lincoln, Abraham. “First Inaugural Address of Abraham Lincoln
.” March 4, 1861. The Avalon Project, Yale Law School. Accessed April 10, 2017. http://avalon.law.yale.edu/19th_century/lincoln1.asp.
Lincoln, Abraham. “Lincoln’s First Message to Congress: Message to Congress in Special Session.” July 4, 1861. Archive.org. https://archive.org/details/lincolnsfirstmes00unit.
Madera, N. B. to Charles S. Morgan. December 19, 1829. West Virginia Archives and History. Accessed March 24, 2017. http://www.wvculture.org/history/government/1830constitution09.jpg.
“Staunton Convention: Petition.” Box 16, Folder 55. Legislative Petitions of the General Assembly, 1176-1865. Library of Virginia, Richmond, VA. Accessed March 23, 2017. http://digitool1.lva.lib.va.us:8881/R/5XENKJ7CHQHG6LBJ4AGXGSJ2TJHX4TARYJ7K3S5ELRUD1VYHKB-03026?func=results-jump-full&set_entry=000013&set_number=652563&base=GEN01.
Transcript of Compromise of 1850 (1850). Accessed February 17, 2017. https://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=27&page=transcript
Stephens, Abigail. Appalachian Mountain Sunbeams. October 1, 2016.
Colton, Joseph Hutchins. Colton’s Virginia [map]. New York: J.H. Colton. 1855. Accessed April 15th, 2017. https://www.loc.gov/resource/glva01.lva00086/.
Catlin, George. The Virginia Constitutional Convention. c1830. Wikimedia Commons. Accessed April 15, 2017. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:1830VAConstConv01.jpg.
Reform and Secession
Brady, Mathew. View of Capitol, Richmond, Va. April, 1865. April, 1865. Wikimedia Commons, National Archives and Records Administration. Accessed April 19, 2017. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:View_of_Capitol,_Richmond,_Va._April,1865_-_NARA_-_529087.tif.
Brady, Mathew. John S. Carlile. c1855-1865. Wikimedia Commons, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. Accessed April 21, 2017. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:JCarlile.jpg.
The Wheeling Conventions
Brady, Mathew and Levin Corbin Handy. Hon. Arthur Inghram Boreman. c1860-1875. Wikimedia Commons, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. Accessed April 21, 2017. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Arthur_I._Boreman_-_Brady-Handy.jpg.
John S. Carlile. West Virginia and Regional History Center, WVU Libraries. http://wvhistoryonview.org/catalog/wvulibraries:35128.
Ritchie, Alexander Hay. Major General Philip Henry Sheridan. c1860. Friend E. Clark Collection. West Virginia and Regional History Center, WVU Libraries. http://wvhistoryonview.org/catalog/wvulibraries:19684.
Francis H. Pierpont, Loyal Governor of Virginia, 1861-1868. West Virginia and Regional History Center, WVU Libraries. http://wvhistoryonview.org/catalog/wvulibraries:30686.
Peter G. Van Winkle, Wood County, W. Va. c1864. West Virginia and Regional History Center, WVU Libraries. http://wvhistoryonview.org/catalog/wvulibraries:44163 .
Waitman T. Willey of Morgantown, W. Va. West Virginia and Regional History Center, WVU Libraries. http://wvhistoryonview.org/catalog/wvulibraries:17626.
Abraham Lincoln. c1861. West Virginia and Regional History Center, WVU Libraries. http://wvhistoryonview.org/catalog/wvulibraries:35442.
The Restored Government of Virginia
Militaryace and Denelson83. Flag of West Virginia. Wikimedia Commons. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Flag_of_West_Virginia.svg.
Legality of Secession
Constitutional Convention. Constitution of the United States. May 14, 1787-September 17, 1787. Wikimedia Commons, National Archives and Records Administration. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Constitution_of_the_United_States,_page_1.jpg.
Path to Statehood
Nyttend. West Virginia Independence Hall from southwest. May 13, 2013. Wikimedia Commons. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:West_Virginia_Independence_Hall_from_southwest.jpg.
Sanctity of the Union
Gardner, Alexander. Abraham Lincoln. November 8, 1863. Wikimedia Commons, Mead Art Museum. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Abraham_Lincoln_O-77_matte_collodion_print.jpg.
Colton, Joseph Hutchins. Colton’s new topographical map of the states of Virginia, Maryland and Delaware, showing also eastern Tennessee & parts of other adjoining states, all the fortifications, military stations, rail roads, common roads and other internal improvements. New York: J.H. Colton. 1864. Accessed March 22, 2017. https://www.loc.gov/resource/g37093.cw0048200/.
West Virginia’s Role in the Civil War
Rebels Destroying the Railroad, 1863. WHILBR – Western Maryland’s Historical Library. http://www.whilbr.org/jones-imboden/index.aspx.
16thVa. Appalachia county secession vote map 1860-1861. March 6, 2015. CivilWarTalk. https://civilwartalk.com/threads/appalachia-county-secession-vote-map-1860-1861.110342/.
Godot13 and National Banknote Company. A $1 Legal Tender Note from the Series 1862-1863 greenback issue. 1862-1863. Wikimedia Commons, National Numismatic Collection, National Museum of American History. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:US-$1-LT-1862-Fr-16c.jpg.
A Change in Congress
Falbisoner, Martin. US Capitol, west side. September 15, 2013. Wikimedia Commons. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:US_Capitol_west_side.JPG.
Rankin, Kendall. Kendall Rankin. April 22, 2017.
Frempong, Leslie. Abigail Stephens. February 28, 2017.