Andrews, Edward D. The Community Industries of the Shakers. Albany, NY: University of the State of New York, 1933.

Gordon, Beverly. “Victorian Fancy Goods: Another Reappraisal of Shaker Material Culture.” Winterthur Portfolio 25, no. 2/3 (1990): 111-29.

Moore, William D. ““You’d Swear They Were Modern”: Ruth Reeves, the Index of American Design, and the Canonization of Shaker Material Culture.” Winterthur Portfolio 47, no. 1 (2013): 1-34. doi:10.1086/670158.

Nicoletta, Julie. “The Gendering of Order and Disorder: Mother Ann Lee and Shaker Architecture.” The New England Quarterly74, no. 2 (2001): 303-16. doi:10.2307/3185480.

Promey, Sally M. “Celestial Visions: Shaker Images and Art Historical Method.” American Art 7, no. 2 (1993): 79-99.

Robinson, Charles Edson. A Concise History of the United Society of Believers called Shakers. East Canterbury, New Hampshire, 1893. Internet Archive, Boston Library Consortium.

Spencer-Wood, Suzanne M. “A Feminist Theoretical Approach to the Historical Archaeology of Utopian Communities.” Historical Archaeology 40, no. 1 (2006): 152-85.

Stein, Stephen J. The Shaker Experience in America. Yale University, 1992.


A large portion of the information specifically pertaining to the Hancock Shakers was acquired at the Hancock Shaker Village.